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The National Guard Referred To Ferguson Protesters As "Enemy Forces"

1CK1S
1CK1S Members Posts: 27,472 ✭✭✭✭✭
edited April 2015 in The Social Lounge
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Washington (CNN)As the Missouri National Guard prepared to deploy to help quell riots in Ferguson, Missouri, that raged sporadically last year, the guard used highly militarized words such as "enemy forces" and "adversaries" to refer to protesters, according to documents obtained by CNN.

The guard came to Ferguson to support law enforcement officers, whom many community leaders and civil rights activists accused of using excessive force and inflaming an already tense situation in protests that flared sporadically from August through the end of the year.

The National Guard's language, contained in internal mission briefings obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request, is intensifying the concerns of some who objected to the police officers' actions in putting down riots. They broke out after the August 9 shooting of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown by city police officer Darren Wilson. A grand jury declined to indict Wilson in the case.

"It's disturbing when you have what amounts to American soldiers viewing American citizens somehow as the enemy," said Antonio French, an alderman in St. Louis.

The documents obtained by CNN also detail that the Missouri National Guard was concerned about perceptions of its deployment, with superiors later telling troops to stop using heavily militarized language to describe protesters.

And the communications show them calibrating the timing of their deployment in November -- in anticipation of the St. Louis County grand jury's decision on whether to indict Wilson -- to try to ensure that their presence didn't further dial up tensions, though several community members voiced concern that they were not deployed quickly enough.

Warning of potential consequences

"We are deliberately constraining mobilization timelines to the last couple days to minimize backlash from calling up the NG early," Col. David Boyle, Army chief of staff at the Missouri National Guard, informed his officers in a Nov. 18 email. "We have coordinated for lower profile, less confrontation likely mission sets to emphasize support roles and minimize public militarization perception."

Additionally, some in the National Guard seemed worried the language in the mission briefings could be problematic.

Two days after the deployment, an email from Boyle warned of potential consequences from using language that could be "construed as potentially inflammatory." Two days after that, notification was sent to commanding officers stating that "all reference of 'enemy' were changed to state 'criminal elements'."

Still, National Guard Capt. John Quinn defended the militarized language as standard for the planning process ahead of deployment.

In an email to CNN, he said the documents used in the Ferguson mission briefings were "a generic military planning format utilized in a wide range of military missions, so the term 'enemy forces' would be better understood as 'potential threats.' Often in Guard operations, threats would include inclement weather, heat, failing levees, etc."

Though the National Guard's actions did not elicit the type of complaints that were directed at the police, some in Ferguson were displeased that the guardsman didn't do more to act against looters and vandals.

Criticism from Ferguson mayor

Ferguson Mayor James Knowles criticized the guard at a November 25 news conference, saying that "unfortunately, as the unrest grew and further assistance was needed, the National Guard was not deployed in enough time to save all our businesses."

Quinn, in his comments to CNN, responded that it would not have been part of the National Guard's mission to confront those destroying businesses. Rather, the force would have stood guard at sites of unrest while law enforcement officers entered looted businesses and arrested suspects.

The documents reveal that the Missouri guard was especially concerned that "adversaries" might use phone apps and police scanners to expose operational security.

"Counterintelligence operations are directed at supporting an information campaign. Their audience does not require the information to be accurate and is easily swayed," one document read.

A document titled "Operation Show-Me Protection II," which outlines the Missouri National Guard's mission in Ferguson, listed players on the ground deemed "Friendly Forces" and "Enemy Forces." Among groups characterized as hate groups were the KKK, the RgB Black Rebels and the New Black Panther Party, but also "General Protesters."

Molotov cocktails, rocks and other debris
The document read: "Protesters have historically used Molotov cocktails, rocks, and other debris to throw at police. Several small arms fire incidents have occurred. Some elements may utilize militants [sic] tactics taught by USPER RgB Black Rebels."

A communication specifying the types of gear and dangers the soldiers were likely to face warned that, "rioters likely have constructed home-made protection like goggles, gas masks, and plywood shields. Further, select individuals may have bullet proof vests and may carry firearms."

It further noted that, "a possible method of attack is the use of Molotov cocktails against personnel and equipment. Also the possibility exists of the use of arson for destruction and disruption of the power grid through targeted attack."

In addition to analyzing the threat general protesters could pose to soldiers, the National Guard also briefed its commanders on their intelligence capabilities so they could "deny adversaries the ability to identify Missouri National Guard vulnerabilities upon which threat forces may exploit, causing embarrassment, or harm to the 🤬 ," the mission set states.

"Adversaries are most likely to possess human intelligence (HUMINT), open source intelligence (OSINT), signals intelligence (SIGINT), technical intelligence (TECHINT), and counterintelligence capabilities," states Appendix 3, which outlines Operations Security. But the ways the National Guard lists for how this information can be obtained are nothing more than open records, social media, and listening on conversations being carries out in public by civil authorities or law enforcement.

"Overseas deployments are all about predictability," Col. David Boyle of the Missouri National Guard warned in an email on August 25 in the wake of protests just two weeks after the death of Michael Brown. "DSCA (defense in support of civil authorities) is not, it is all about rapid expansion and contraction to fit quickly shifting support requirements."

Comments

  • h8rhurta
    h8rhurta Members Posts: 1,119 ✭✭✭✭✭
    That's how we're viewed. I knew adding the military to the mix would only make things worse. Let that sink in. That's how treat people overseas and 🤬 without having to face their 'opposition'.
  • VIBE
    VIBE Members Posts: 54,384 ✭✭✭✭✭
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?
  • onthafly
    onthafly Members Posts: 1,143 ✭✭✭✭
    VIBE wrote: »
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?

    White America has terrorism at it's foundations. You live in a terrorist country my 🤬 and the moment you try to fight back, these 🤬 will execute you just like any muslim extremist in the middle east. We need to escape to freedom my 🤬 .
  • stringer bell
    stringer bell Members Posts: 26,212 ✭✭✭✭✭
    edited April 2015
    I'm sure no one will be handle accountable for this...
  • Olorun22
    Olorun22 Members Posts: 5,696 ✭✭✭✭✭
    housemouse wrote: »
    VIBE wrote: »
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?

    White America has terrorism at it's foundations. You live in a terrorist country my 🤬 and the moment you try to fight back, these 🤬 will execute you just like any muslim extremist in the middle east. We need to escape to freedom my 🤬 .

    Umm he's not black tho
  • Dr.Chemix
    Dr.Chemix Members Posts: 11,823 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Yea and what? They are NG, they deal with in house problems. If they black, white, yellow, or brown and deemed to be causing havoc or public disturbances in their eyes...they are enemy forces.

    What's the point of this thread? What are they supposed to think or say? Agitated US citizens needs to be detained?

    Stop thinking like a 5 year old.
  • onthafly
    onthafly Members Posts: 1,143 ✭✭✭✭
    edited April 2015
    En-Fuego22 wrote: »
    housemouse wrote: »
    VIBE wrote: »
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?

    White America has terrorism at it's foundations. You live in a terrorist country my 🤬 and the moment you try to fight back, these 🤬 will execute you just like any muslim extremist in the middle east. We need to escape to freedom my 🤬 .

    Umm he's not black tho

    Oh 🤬 he done infiltrated the site then. Don't nobody tell that white man where the new underground railroad is.
    don-t-tell-nobody-o.gif
  • Meta_Conscious
    Meta_Conscious Hypocrite The BashmentMembers Posts: 26,227 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Dr.Chemix wrote: »
    Yea and what? They are NG, they deal with in house problems. If they black, white, yellow, or brown and deemed to be causing havoc or public disturbances in their eyes...they are enemy forces.

    What's the point of this thread? What are they supposed to think or say? Agitated US citizens needs to be detained?

    Stop thinking like a 5 year old.

    🤬 what? I was in the NG... this statement is insane. Soldiers are no 'programmed' to do whatever.
    they not even real soldiers anyway.
    protesters are not 'enemy combatants'. this should outrage everyone.
  • Dr.Chemix
    Dr.Chemix Members Posts: 11,823 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Dr.Chemix wrote: »
    Yea and what? They are NG, they deal with in house problems. If they black, white, yellow, or brown and deemed to be causing havoc or public disturbances in their eyes...they are enemy forces.

    What's the point of this thread? What are they supposed to think or say? Agitated US citizens needs to be detained?

    Stop thinking like a 5 year old.

    🤬 what? I was in the NG... this statement is insane. Soldiers are no 'programmed' to do whatever.
    they not even real soldiers anyway.
    protesters are not 'enemy combatants'. this should outrage everyone.

    Bruh, a man with free speech with opposing opinions against America is called a terrorist. A person making threats against a coworker can be charged with terroristic threats. It is what it is. I don't see the outrage or why I should be like "oh damn, they called them the enemy?!".

    This battle just didn't start yesterday my dude.
  • Meta_Conscious
    Meta_Conscious Hypocrite The BashmentMembers Posts: 26,227 ✭✭✭✭✭
    this is something that ppl should be outraged about
  • Kakarot
    Kakarot Members Posts: 303 ✭✭✭
    edited April 2015
    Nah it's kind of expected by the armed forces, the police, not so much.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kent_State_shootings
  • Dr.Chemix
    Dr.Chemix Members Posts: 11,823 ✭✭✭✭✭
    this is something that ppl should be outraged about

    But bruh, you even said they're not real soldiers anyway. Yet you dislike the "enemy" designation. I'm speaking from the natural aspect, not from "what it should be on paper" perspective. If you're a protester in that situation and NG rolls up, in your mind the threat level just escalated. And on the other side, the fact they were called in period brings a level of hostility with them.

    I'm just discussing the ins and outs. They already look at us as the enemy since before the 60s. And that has extended to the new age terrorist designation in a police state society. I am not surprised or outraged. We've been in this war for a long time now.
  • Meta_Conscious
    Meta_Conscious Hypocrite The BashmentMembers Posts: 26,227 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Dr.Chemix wrote: »
    this is something that ppl should be outraged about

    But bruh, you even said they're not real soldiers anyway. Yet you dislike the "enemy" designation. I'm speaking from the natural aspect, not from "what it should be on paper" perspective. If you're a protester in that situation and NG rolls up, in your mind the threat level just escalated. And on the other side, the fact they were called in period brings a level of hostility with them.

    I'm just discussing the ins and outs. They already look at us as the enemy since before the 60s. And that has extended to the new age terrorist designation in a police state society. I am not surprised or outraged. We've been in this war for a long time now.

    I'm not sure what u get out of this extreme level of cynicism.
    no way should the national guard treat the citizens that pay for its existence as 'enemies'.
    u can handle situations without demonizing those u have to deal with. this is very dangerous and needs to be discussed on a major scale.
  • OGClarenceBoddicker
    OGClarenceBoddicker 5 Star Stunna/The Most Offensive Poster In Hell/Inhale NiggaMembers Posts: 4,493 ✭✭✭✭✭
    if you weren't black you wouldnt get shot, get over it
  • Karl.
    Karl. Members Posts: 8,015 ✭✭✭✭✭
    This is reminiscent of Syria.
  • [Deleted User]
    [Deleted User] Posts: 0 Regulator
    The user and all related content has been deleted.
  • 7figz
    7figz Still don’t nothing move but the money Members Posts: 15,294 ✭✭✭✭✭
    edited April 2015
    VIBE wrote: »
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?

    You dumb 🤬 white 🤬 . Of course it is. Who the 🤬 is killing who right know and getting off with it at an increasing rate ... on camera ?

    Don't let the question-mark fool you 🤬 -MF, I could care less about your punk ass response.
  • deadeye
    deadeye Walmart Warrior Kat's buttMembers Posts: 22,883 ✭✭✭✭✭
    See why i dont respect that post 9/11?



    111nw9i.gif
  • So ILL
    So ILL Members Posts: 16,507 ✭✭✭✭✭
    Of course they were referred to as the enemy, they didn't roll with the plan.
  • VIBE
    VIBE Members Posts: 54,384 ✭✭✭✭✭
    7figz wrote: »
    VIBE wrote: »
    So, it's okay to view the police as terrorists, right?

    You dumb 🤬 white 🤬 . Of course it is. Who the 🤬 is killing who right know and getting off with it at an increasing rate ... on camera ?

    Don't let the question-mark fool you 🤬 -MF, I could care less about your punk ass response.

    I wasn't being sarcastic.
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